Early history: Before the Spaniards, Jarabacoa was populated by Taine natives near Yaqui del Norte,Jimenoa, Brigade and Guanajuato rivers. When the Spaniards arrived they were looking for gold and silver but found none and left. In 1805, the natives came to the area mountains to escape troop directed by Toussaint Louverture.
Middle history: Migration continued during the 1822- 1844 Haitian occupation. Because of its strategic location between the Cibao and the scout, Jarabacoa became a military post to la Vega, initially destroyed with fire by the troops. The population at that time was nearly around 2000.
Recent history: Two military heroes stood out as war heroes during the war of independence, general Jose Duran and Norberto Tiburcio.Jarabacoa became a city by president Pedro Santana on September 27, 1858.