San Martin,Peru

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San Martín is a region in northern Peru characterized by Amazon rainforest. Lively Tarapoto, the region’s largest city, lies amid cloud forest in the north. Nearby are jungle waterfalls like Ahuashiyacu and Shapaja, and clear lakes like Lago Lindo and Laguna Azul (Sauce). In the southwest, the mostly inaccessible Río Abiseo National Park shelters rare and endangered species across a range of ecoregions and altitudes.

This article is about the Region of San Martín. For the province, see San Martín Province. For other uses, see San Martín (disambiguation).San Martín (Spanish pronunciation: [sanmaɾˈtin]) is a region in northern Peru. Most of the region is located in the upper part of the Peruvian Amazon rainforest. Its capital is Moyobamba and the largest city in the region is Tarapoto.

History

Tupac Yupanqui entered and subdued the Inca dominion, the province of Moyobamba, known back then by its native name, Muyupampa. In 1539, Spaniard Alonso de Alvarado reached the Mayo River and founded a city he named Santiago de los Valles de Moyobamba, which later became the capital of Maynas. Another important personality was Priest Manuel Sobreviela who, between 1787 and 1790, accomplished traveling across the Huallaga River and subsequently published a map named “Planning for the course of the Huallaga and Ucayali Rivers and for the Pampa del Sacramento”.On August 19, 1821, Moyobamba was the first Peruvian city in declaring its independence.The construction of a highway in recent years has increased the exchange of different products, benefitting the economy of this region.

Archaeology

Gran Pajáten is a pre Inca complex of circular slate buildings decorated with figures of flying condors situated on the border with La Libertad. Due to its difficult access, tourism is not yet possible at the site.

See also

  • Rio Abiseo National Park
  • Regional Museum of the National University of San Martin (Museo Regional de la Universidad Nacional de San Martín)

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